The solar panel is photovoltaic. It takes light from the sun
and converts it into electricity through semi-conductors into DC electricity.
The DC electricity generated by the photovoltaic solar panel
is channeled through a solar regulator to a battery or bank of batteries,
thus acting as a charger and storing the charge in the battery.
The regulator is there to ensure that the battery is charged properly
at the correct voltage and is not damaged in any way.
Any DC appliances can then be run directly from the battery, but AC
appliances will need a inverter to change/convert the DC power stored in the battery into AC electricity of 230V AC
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